The results of ANOVA in Desk six reveal that extreme differences can be found one of many teams regarding each mistake style of but getting Posts and Prepositions. But not, no significant variations was in fact listed ranging from organizations with the total matter out-of modifications, the fresh problems, or even the complete number of alterations in the revised texts.
Table seven shows brand new regression study abilities and you may reveals that brand new numbers of alter was indeed seriously coordinated with the reduced problems regarding revised texts (R dos = ?0.357 http://www.datingranking.net/sugar-momma, p = 0.006). The general transform for the groups ranged away from 7.40, seven.14, and six.36 changes/a hundred terms and conditions having Communities 1, 2, and you can step three, correspondingly (Desk 5). Yet not, this new communities put increasingly frequent problems on the L2 messages (i.elizabeth. seven.twenty-six, , and you can mistakes/100 terms, respectively). For this reason the distinctions on the ratios at which changes have been made are worth listing. Throughout the last draft, Classification 1 effectively fixed 28.9% of the fresh mistakes, Classification 2 corrected 23.2%, and you will Group step 3 remedied simply 10.0%. This type of results suggest that pupils exactly who the amount of time a lot fewer mistakes had the ability to correct a large proportion of their problems as opposed to those whom with greater regularity committed errors.
Results showed that the brand new errors on the changed texts decreased to own all error systems, and you may t-experiments confirmed the amount of error corrections between the two sizes is actually statistically significant in all however, two of the a dozen kinds. Regarding eg transform, the biggest improvements were recognized for Stuff and Prepositions. The most typical error products have been mostly related to brand new distinctive differences between the 2 languages. Particularly, new Korean code lacks chosen and you will indefinite articles. In English, prepositions precede the appropriate noun terminology, while the alternative is true for the latest Korean code (Song, Resource Tune 2006). Hence, consistent with the findings out of Lee ( Resource Lee 2014), both error items was indeed receive so you’re able to persevere even among Korean students who have lived in English-talking nations. Prepositions have been defined as an enthusiastic uncorrectable error particular (Bitchener, Young Cameron, Reference Bitchener, Young and you can Cameron 2005) and also the most difficult region of Korean pupils to deal with (Right back, Reference Straight back 2011). Quite simply, youngsters was impractical to position including errors independently versus direct views. The results of this study imply that the difficulty of correcting Content and you will Prepositions is actually consistent among the many mistake frequency teams while the no statistically extreme distinctions were shown.
Another usually taking place mistake types was basically Noun Plurals and you can Substitutions. Although the Korean words uses nouns into the plural function, he is rarely used in talking or creating. Hence, Korean youngsters are inclined to omitting plurals when writing inside the English. Nevertheless, earlier studies have showed that students can be posting such as errors and you may improve when it comes to Blogs, Prepositions, and you will Noun Plurals when provided by enough and you will adequate corrective opinions (Right back, Resource Right back 2011; Nassaji, Source Nassaji 2011; Sheen, Site Sheen 2007). The young significantly quicker the newest regularity away from problems inside Substitutions into the meaning and mode errors (understand the advice one pursue). Its success having and also make such transform may be caused by proof recommending one to NMT is able to facts context, that is all the more in a position to find conditions appropriate to that framework (Ducar Schocket, Reference Ducar and you will Schocket 2018).
The outcomes of the data is actually consistent with particularly conclusions, since the pupils significantly reduced such problems and also make minimal bad transform
While the full transform had been mainly positive, the outcome revealed that the students in addition to frequently made neutral or negative transform into the error group of Insertions/Deletions. Among the various errors in this class, several subtypes out-of problems commonly remained uncorrected. The initial a person is this new redundant copular verb “end up being,” while the expressed on pursuing the instances: